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Sahara Desert Animal Species and Life History

Sahara Desert is defined as a region that receives very little rainfall and its climate ranges from hot to cold. It is often said that the Sahara Desert is inhospitable to all living creatures, which is not particularly true as it becomes evident when one looks at the history of Sahara Desert animals.

The animals that live in the desert have special adaptations that allow them to survive the extreme temperatures and desert conditions. Here animals surprisingly cope with the lack of water, extreme temperatures, and shortage of food. Many desert animals do not have to drink at all; they get all the water they need from their food. Most desert animals are small.

When you think of the desert, the first animal that comes in your mind is the camel. Camel is known as the "ships of the desert", and is the best adapted desert mammal species. Some of the mammal species found within the Sahara are the gerbil, jerboa, antelope, Cape hare, desert hedgehog, boars, dorcas gazelle, dama deer, Nubian wild, Anubis baboon, spotted hyena, common jackal, sand fox, Libyan striped weasel, slender mongoose and in some places, lions and elephants.

The nocturnal animals and reptiles - including frogs, toads, rattlesnakes, kangaroo rats, and kit foxes and crocodiles, lizards, chameleons, skinks, and cobras burrow beneath the surface or hide in the shade during the day, emerging at night to eat. There is an abundance of small animals that support the deserts population of hawks, falcons, owls, roadrunners, buzzards, wood peckers and eagles. Including these the Sahara also contains over 300 species of migratory bird populations along with water and shore birds and various other types of birds.
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