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Sahara Desert Popular Towns & Villages

Sahara Desert surface ranges from large areas of sand dunes (erg) to stone plateaus (hamadas), gravel plains (reg), dry valleys (wadis), and salt flats. The northern and southern margins also receive more rainfall and have greater vegetation than central Sahara. The very inadequate rain fall occurs in areas in any season and in a very irregular way. Some areas receive no rain for years and suffer from intense storms as well.

Some areas encompass vast underground aquifers resulting in oases, while other regions severely lack water reserves. Since time immemorial desert peoples have managed to tame the Sahara, tapping into underground streams to work the miracle of irrigation. In the oases, vast tracts of date palms flourish, beneath them oranges, olives and apricots, while at the lowest level cabbages, lettuces, tomatoes and onions thrive. Where there is water, there is life.

Sahara is also a desert alive with towns and people: from ancient towns like Chinguetti and Atar that serve as witness to a rich cultural and trading past; to tiny oases towns of mud brick fringed by palms among rolling dunes; to nomad camps of two to three tents, whose white pointed roofs can be spotted way off in the distance in so many parts of the desert.

There are many towns and villages located on the Sahara of Morocco, like Tata, which is located where the desert meets the mountains, Foum Zguid, which is located where the Jebel Bani ranges meets the desert and Tinfou, a small town that is located along the Draa Valley route where the stony ground gives way to the sand-dunes of the desert.